It’s safe to say that there is a lot going on these days. I could say that all the time but the past couple of weeks since I returned from NY have been particularly eventful. Soon after I arrived I found out that I needed to go to Nairobi for a few days. I hadn’t even unpacked my bag from my arrival that Monday and I left again Wednesday. I returned on Friday only to leave again to Rwanda this past week. My travel, though time consuming and tiring, is only one piece of what is a varied and challenging load right now.
The trip to Nairobi was related to the return from Mtabila camp (see a couple blogs ago). It was a time to meet with UN and donor representatives at the regional level as well as key decision makers from Tanzania and Burundi. While the discussions were interesting, there was also much to be gained from conversations before and after and making important acquaintances. As awkward as it was to cram that into my schedule after being in NY for two weeks and knowing that I was going to Rwanda the following week, I think it was worthwhile overall.
Last week in Rwanda was my regular monthly visit. There is a lot going on with the program there and it’s tough for them from a leadership perspective since I am not based there. We discussed some options to deal with the fact that I can’t be there more often (providing better leadership structure) and I think we made some progress. There are several irons in the fire (proposals for growing the program) which will affect the amount of resources we would have to support such a structure in addition to a lot of the practical implications that come with growth. For now I think we have a common understanding, one that is far from perfect but one that can help us move forward for the time being and then re-evaluate in January.
Behind all of this over the past several weeks as been the situation in the Congo (DRC). It’s far too complex a situation to write a single blog about but the short of it is that there is a long history of unrest, particularly in two key provinces: North and South Kivu. North Kivu sits adjacent to Rwanda and South Kivu is more adjacent to Burundi. As you might guess, the unrest has a long history of linkages with the respective neighboring countries. Ethnicity, mining, corruption, power, arms trafficking, etc. all play into what is a complex web of rebel groups, governments and corresponding alliances – alliances which have a habit of changing making things even harder to follow.
|new arrivals from the Congo preparing to head to the camp|
The linkages that are more directly related to what I do involve displacement and the need for people to flee the nonsense and seek refuge in Burundi. Rape, recruitment of child soldiers and pillaging all make life untenable for the local population. This is, of course, in addition to the “normal” war stuff like shooting, bombing and so forth. The violence has shown to have a tendency to move around in an unpredictable way that torments citizens. The arrival of the cell phone in rural villages in recent years has provided some assistance as to what is going on and to help anticipate coming danger but they also serve as facilitators of false rumors. We’ve seen that a lot here in Burundi as well.
Refugees from the Congo that I’ve spoken to often have varied stories about their respective situations. People from the same village can have different opinions as to who the perpetrators were that caused them to flee. It’s not always clear since there are often no clearly distinguishable uniforms. Language may provide a clue for some groups but Swahili could be spoken by almost all of them. People also may provide different accounts as to what took place and when. In many cases days or weeks have passed before they arrive in the new country as asylum seekers. Many were subjected to further abuse along the way in addition to the myriad of practical challenges which cause them to arrive malnourished, dehydrated and often traumatized.
In 2012 we have received several thousand refugees from the Congo but with the recent activity in North Kivu, there has been fear of even higher numbers. The displacement concern is not only for the north but as government troops and resources move north to try to put the hammer down on the M23, the largest and most successful rebel group right now, there is a vacuum being created in South Kivu and other rebel groups seem to be taking advantage of the situation.
As the tension increased a couple of weeks ago, we even had to quickly host 18 international staff who were evacuated, colleagues of ours who work in South Kivu. I received word today that they are heading back so that their activities can continue. Indeed, it’s a tough balance between being responsibly protecting yourself and resuming the activities you do to serve the local population who are in a particular time of need. Nonetheless, things may be improving. The international community is involved and though sometimes that doesn’t help at all, if it gets people talking instead of shooting guns, it’s progress.
The other concern has been that as so many of our resources have been dedicated to the mass return of Burundians in the south (particularly logistical resources like trucks, drivers and so forth), a mass influx from the Congo would be tough to support. However as things are evolving, it appears that won’t be a problem. The Mtabila situation seems to be winding down and it might reach its end within the next week or two. I likely will make a quick trip down there this week to assess the situation and meet with staff and partners. Other than some violence initiated by some of the last remaining former refugees, we are close to putting a very protracted refugee situation to rest. It will certainly be nice to change our focus and invest more time and energy into the difficult job of reintegrating these people into their new lives in Burundi after living so many years in Tanzanian refugee camps.
I have only two weeks before I go to the States for the holidays, to once again be with my wife and daughter. I also saw that my Boise State Broncos won yesterday so hey, things are looking up.
|nice photo from a photographer who visited last week|